PISA 2018: Why the mean reading, mathematics and science performance continued to increase in Estonia and decline in Finland, Germany, Netherlands, Australia...?

Quora answers: https://www.quora.com/PISA-2018-Why-the-mean-reading-mathematics-and-science-performance-continued-to-decline-in-Finland-and-increase-in-Estonia/

Technology alone will not improve education, but it can be a powerful part of the solution.” Sundar Pichai, CEO, Google

Toomas Hendrik Ilves - President of Estonia (2006-2016): "Here in Estonia, we begin foreign language education either in Grade One or Grade Two. If you're learning the rules of grammar at seven or eight, then how's that different from the rules of programming? In fact, programming is far more logical than any language." Estonian schools are teaching children as young as seven how to programme computers.

OECD (PISA): GET CREATIVE highlights the internet’s ability to provide children with opportunities to learn and to be creative, whether coding to building complex structures in Minecraft or creating video content. It discourages children to spend time online passively consuming content. https://www.oecd.org/els/health-systems/Children-and-Young-People-Mental-Health-in-the-Digital-Age.pdf

Gunda Tire - PISA / TALIS National Project Manager - Estonia: A Positive PISA Experience
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-59031-4_5 and

Lin Lin, Master Thesis, The Impact of Online Reading Activities and ICT Use on 15-Year-Old Students’ Digital Reading Performance: Comparing Estonia and Finland:

Timothy D. Walker, Teach Like Finland - Leverage the tech: "Technology integration, at my Helsinki school, wasn’t a major emphasis, and this was something I observed at other Finnish schools".
More at https://www.manual.digital/technology

Hannamiina Tanninen, What the Finnish education systems could learn from Asia
"Idea that learning has to be fun all the time. I would like to politely disagree because learning doesn't have to be fun all the time. We need to make difference between short term and long term gains in in learning. For example, did I ever had fun or enjoy when I was learning English grammar, oh absolutely not, but am I having fun now..."


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